COLLECTION OF 10 MEXICAN MILITARY IN THE TIME OF BENITO JUAREZ AND REFORM WAR. LITHOGRAPHS DE DECAEN IN WHITE AND BLACK.
Co Benito Juárez Pte Interino de Rep. El General Jesús González Ortega. El Co Miguel Lerdo de Tejada. Sheet size is 16.5 X 12 cm with a drawing of 10 X 7 cm in span.Please examine the images provided carefully, and if you have any questions, please ask and I will be happy to help. Born in Guanajuato (1811) and died in the State of Mexico (1861) Was a Mexican Liberal politician and military leader. During his service in the Mexican Army. Degollado fought against López de Santa Anna and later alongside Benito Juárez no. He was deputy, and later governor of the state of Michoacan. During Benito Juárez's presidency he served as Secretary of War and Navy and as Secretary of External Affairs. Degollado was a colleague of Melchor Ocampo no.
6 and fought by his side in many battles. His remains were interred at the Panteón de Dolores in Mexico City, in the Rotunda of Illustrious Persons on November 26, 1936. General José Silvestre Aramberri Lavín. He was Governor of the states of Nuevo Leon and Coahuila replacing General Santiago Vidaurri, remaining 2 months in office, during which the Civil College was founded, the birthplace of the current Autonomous University of Nuevo León; later he was governor of the Federal District. He died while escorting President Benito Juarez no.
5 to the north of the country. José Epitacio Deciderio Huerta Solorio. Born and died in Michoacán. Together with Rafael Salinas and Domingo Herrera took up arms on May 6, 1854 in Coeneo (Michoacán), in support of the Ayutla Plan against the government of Antonio López de Santa Anna.Epitacio Huerta had already participated in the war in defense of the invasion of the United States of America in Mexico in 1846, reaching the military rank of lieutenant. In 1854, General Juan Álvarez, head of the Ayutla Revolution, recognized Huerta's military ranks and named him Colonel. Later he was awarded the rank of Brigadier General. By early 1855 he had taken the municipalities of Santa Clara, La Huacana, Parácuaro, Tancítaro, La Piedad, Purépero, Tlzazalca, Zacapu, Santiago Valley and Zapotlán el Grande, extending his military fame. Lieutenant Colonel Manuel Gutiérrez Zamora. Politician and liberal military, governor of the State of Veracruz, Mexico. As a soldier he participated in the defense of the Port of Veracruz in 1847 when the American troops invaded the country entering through this place. In the War of Reform it gave protection to the itinerant government of Benito Juárez No.
5, preventing the State from falling into the hands of the conservative forces. During the War of Reform, President Benito Juarez offered protection in Veracruz. As governor and as a military man, he took the necessary measures to prevent the port from falling into the hands of conservative forces. During this time, the Reform Laws were announced. In Veracruz, Gutiérrez Zamora applied, for the first time in the entire country, the Law on the Confiscation of Church Property, also known as Ley Lerdo, which confiscated various assets from the Catholic clergy.
I thought that the instruction of the people was the most appropriate means to achieve peace and freedom. Restored the primary schools of Veracruz and created night schools for adults to learn to read. He cared for the underprivileged and established a home for orphaned children, the elderly and defenseless women. (21 March 1806 18 July 1872).
Was a Mexican lawyer and liberal politician of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca. He was of poor, rural, indigenous origins, but he became a well-educated, urban professional and politician, who married a socially prominent woman of Oaxaca City, Margarita Maza. He identified primarily as a Liberal and wrote only briefly about his indigenous heritage.He held power during the tumultuous decade of the Liberal Reform and French invasion. In 1858 as head of the Supreme Court, he became president of Mexico. By the succession mandated by the Constitution of 1857 when moderate liberal President Ignacio Comonfort was forced to resign by Mexican conservatives. Juárez remained in the presidential office until his death by natural causes in 1872. He weathered the War of the Reform (185860), a civil war between Liberals and Conservatives, and then the French invasion (186267), which was supported by Mexican Conservatives. Never relinquishing office although forced into exile in areas of Mexico not controlled by the French, Juárez tied Liberalism to Mexican nationalism and maintained that he was the legitimate head of the Mexican state, rather than Emperor Maximilian. When the French-backed Second Mexican Empire fell in 1867, the Mexican Republic with Juárez as president was restored to full power. In his success in ousting the European incursion, Latin Americans considered his a second struggle for independence, a second defeat for the European powers, and a second reversal of the Conquest. He is now a preeminent symbol of Mexican nationalism and resistance to foreign intervention. Juárez was a practical and skilled politician, controversial in his lifetime and beyond. He had an understanding of the importance of a working relationship with the United States, and secured its recognition for his liberal government during the War of the Reform. Although many of his positions shifted during his political life, he held fast to particular principles including the supremacy of civil power over the Catholic Church and the military; respect for law; and the de-personalization of political life. In his lifetime he sought to strengthen the national government and asserted the supremacy of central power over states, a position that both radical and provincial liberals opposed. He was the subject of polemical attacks both in his lifetime and beyond.
However, the place of Juárez in Mexican historical memory has enshrined him as a major Mexican hero, beginning in his own lifetime. His birthday (March 21) is a national public and patriotic holiday in Mexico, the only individual Mexican so honored. Was a mestizo by birth, a radical. Mexican lawyer, scientist, and politician. He was fiercely anticlerical, perhaps an atheist, and his early writings against Roman Catholic Church in Mexico gained him a reputation as an articulate liberal ideologue.Ocampo has been considered the heir to José María Luis Mora, the premier liberal intellectual of the early republic. He served in the administration of Benito Juárez No. 5 and negotiated a controversial agreement with the United States, the McLane-Ocampo Treaty.
His home state was much later renamed Michoacan de Ocampo in his honor. Born in Zacatecas (1822) and died in Coahuila (1881). He was a Mexican military man and politician; Governor of Zacatecas and participated actively next to.
In the War of Reform and during the Second French Intervention in Mexico. He stood out for defending the city of Puebla from the French army from March 16, to May 16, 1863. Born in Mexico City (1833) and shot in Monte de las Cruces in 1861, he was promoted to General at age 26.His profile as a Mexican liberal places him as an ally of President Benito Juárez No. 5 during the War of the Reformation.
Born in the port of Veracruz (1812) and he died of typhus on 1861. Was a Mexican statesman, a leader of the Revolution of Ayutla, and author of the Lerdo Law, extinguishing the right of corporations, including the Roman Catholic Church and indigenous communities, from holding land. Both he and his younger brother, Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada, became leaders of Mexico's Liberal Party. As the president of the City Council of Mexico City in 1852, Miguel Lerdo de Tejada proposed initiatives on public education, transportation, public health, and budgetary reforms.
Lerdo served Antonio López de Santa Anna in his final term as president (1853-55) and then as the Treasury Secretary under liberal president Ignacio Comonfort following the successful implementation of the Ayutla Plan. In 1856, Miguel Lerdo de Tejada initiated the Law of Disentailment of Rural and Urban Estates. (Disentailment of Rural and Urban Properties Law), commonly known as the Ley Lerdo, which called for the forced sale of most properties held by the Roman Catholic Church in Mexico, common lands of indigenous communities, and by municipal and state governments. The Church could retain only the buildings used for its operations (churches, monasteries, seminary buildings); governments could keep only government offices, jails, and school buildings. Most of the "disruptions" attributed to that law actually occurred later, under legislation passed during the regime of Porfirio Díaz (1876 - 1911), but took their legal foundation in the Ley Lerdo.
Lerdo had attempted to negotiate foreign loans using confiscated church property as collateral to fund the liberal side of the War of the Reform, but was unsuccessful. He campaigned against Juarez No.
5 in 1861 for the presidency. In 1829, in what was then the. Of which he died at the age of 33.
He served as Secretary of War from April through October 1861, in the cabinet of. Zaragoza's forces fought them at. On April 28, 1862, where he was forced to withdraw. Zaragoza understood the favorable defensive positions outside of the city of. And with a force that was smaller and not as well equipped as his opponent, beat back repeated French assaults upon the Mexican positions at Forts Loreto and Guadalupe.
The French were forced to retreat to. It´s call the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862 (mostly celebrated in the United States as Cinco de Mayo).
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